Many people are informed about the effects of too much sun exposure. We wear long clothes and hats, and we reapply sunscreen multiple times per day to prevent from getting so much sun, but often people forget about protecting their eyes. They figure that as long as their eyes aren’t blinded with light, they must be fine. Unfortunately they are quite wrong. The sun can damage your eyes just as easily as it can damage your skin, and sometimes you won’t notice until it is too late.
Most of the negative effects are minor and temporary, but that doesn’t mean you can’t get seriously injured from too much sunlight. The sun can cause problems ranging from light wrinkles to blindness and even cancer. Read below to learn the different ways the sun can negatively affect your eyes, and hopefully you will remember to bring your polarized sunglasses with you from now on.
Retain Your Retina
Many people know the word retina but have no idea what it actually does. Your retina is the light-sensitive layer of tissue located in the back of the eye. The macula is the portion of the retina that provides for detailed vision when looking right at something. Unfortunately, recent scientific information links UV light with macular degeneration, the deterioration of the macula can lead to blurred vision and blind spots. UV light can be particularly dangerous because we can’t see it. Our eyes can sustain serious damage without our being able to tell until it’s too late, so be sure to bring proper eye protection. Polarized sunglasses aren’t the only thing you should pay attention to. You should make sure to get sunglasses that block 99-100% of both UVA and UVB rays.
Iris My Eyes Would Regenerate
The iris is a thin circular structure in the eye responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupil. For this reason, it is extremely important because it controls the amount of light reaching the retina. You want to make sure that you take care of your eyes because you will lack the ability to adjust your vision when changing between bright and dark environments if you lose your ability to control your iris. And according to new research, people with blue eyes need to be extra careful, as they are more susceptible to macular degeneration. So if you have light eyes, you might as well wear your protective polarized sunglasses any time you are going to be in bright sunlit environments.
Two Wrongs Don't Make a White Of The Eye
The sun can also make your eyes look weird. Too much sun damage can cause a condition called pinguecula, a thickening of the conjunctiva, which is the clear thin membrane that covers the white part of the eye. This can cause a development of yellow spots on the eye near the cornea. While this doesn’t impair your vision, it can get irritated and inflamed and start to look gross. Also, the conjunctiva can thicken to the point where it grows over the cornea, which can obscure vision. This condition is called pterygium, or surfer’s eye. Don’t look like a dirty surfer. Wear your polarized sunglasses and protect your peepers.
Is This Joke Cornea?
The cornea is the clear part of the front of our eye that covers the iris and pupil that refracts light. It accounts for about two-thirds of the eye’s total power, so clearly it isn’t something to be trifled with. People often receive sever sunburns to their eyes when they spend a sunny day near water and forget to take the proper precautions. A sunburn on the cornea can cause what will feel like a giant scratch on your eye. The damage won’t be permanent, but it will cause a large amount of discomfort while it heals.
I Skin Still See Your Eyes
The skin around your eyes is quite different from that on the rest of your face. The eyelids in particular are made up of very thin tissue, and repeated exposure to UV can lead to wrinkles and age spots. Protect your face. Protect your eyes. Protect your beauty, and be sure to wear your big polarized sunglasses when out in the sun.
The human eye is an incredible and awe-inspiring part of the human body. Its ability to shift focus from deep to shallow and operate in a wide range of dark to bright is what gives human their amazing ability of sight. Unfortunately, it is every bit as fragile as it is astounding, so be sure to take the necessary precautions. It doesn’t matter whether you prefer to wear aviator sunglasses, biking sunglasses, or polarized sunglasses so long as you wear something to protect your eyes. Don’t be a dummy. Make the right decision and take precautions against aging and ocular health concerns.
Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/left-hand/2694263758/